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 Language Made Easy

       STANFORD LANGUAGE CENTRE

Introduction / 介绍

About Mandarin

Mandarin or The Chinese Languages

(汉语/, 华语/華語 or 中文)

is a member of the Sino-Tibetan 

family of languages.

Mandarin is a

tonal language, meaning that pitch is used

to distinguish

words. About one-fifth of the world speaks

some form of

Mandarin as its native language, making

it the most common

language in the world.

The Chinese language (spoken in its

 Standard Mandarin form)

is the official language of the

People's Republic

of China and

Taiwan , one of four official

languages of Singapore,

and one of six official languages

of the United Nations.

Mandarin is considered by many

to be a language

that is difficult to learn, mainly because

its grammar operates along very

different principles

compared to European languages

(for example, you will see no tenses,

plurals,

or subject-verb agreement, but you will see

counter words, reduplication rules,

and verb completion/direction suffixes)

. In addition,

Chinese is one of the few languages

in the world that does not use

an alphabet or a

syllabary; instead, thousands of

characters are used,

each representing a word or a part of

a word. The government of

China has developed a

system of writing Chinese in the

Roman alphabet, known as Hanyu Pinyin 

(汉语拼音/漢語拼音, "spelling according to

sounds"). Hanyu Pinyin is used to write out

Chinese names in English (for example,

"Beijing", "Shanghai", etc.) and helps learners

of Chinese with their pronunciation. This

Mandarin Course will teach you

Hanyu Pinyin first,

before any actual sentences. All examples

and new vocabulary will always be given

together with Hanyu Pinyin.

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Benefits of Learning Mandarin in

Singapore

Mandarin is a Chinese dialect, the

largest of the seven

Chinese dialect groups,

also referred to as standard Chinese.

It is the official language of the People's

Republic of

China and one of the four official

languages of Singapore.

One fifth of the planet speaks

Chinese. Mandarin Chinese is the

mother tongue of over

873 million people,

making it the most widely spoken first

language in the world.

In addition mandarin is also

spoken in important and influential Chinese

communities of Singapore,

Malaysia among many others.

Due to the widespread of mandarin usage

in Singapore,

it has replaced Singaporean Hokkien as the

language of the Chinese community in

Singapore today.

Mandarin proficiency has been viewed

with greater importance and has risen in terms of

prominence in Singapore.  
Learning mandarin has many benefits.

It exposes one to another culture. By

learning mandarin,

one becomes exposed to the way and manners

the Chinese think and reacts to society.

This aids in giving a different view as to how

different culture interpret and view the world,

and overall understanding and beliefs as well.

It develops one's critical and creative

thinking skills.  
If you learn the Chinese language you

get to travel

around and meet with the locals in China,

understand their news on lifestyle.

Also doing business in China without

knowing the language

and making connections will be very

difficult and

therefore knowing

the language is a bare minimum in most cases.

Regardless of what the reason may be

for learning

another language

is useful but learning mandarin will be

particularly useful

since China is expected to be one of the main

super economic powers in the 21st century.

International business prefer to hire people who

speak more than one language, that which

gives room to pure excellence especially in

Singapore as it is now a regular

language in the community.

Travelers tends to enjoy themselves in the

communities they

find themselves if they are conversant

with the mandarin language, as it will give

easy access to social interactions

, interpersonal relationship, and also the ability to

express themselves in an understanding manner. 
The study of the Chinese language opens the way

to different important fields

such as Chinese politics, economy, history

or archaeology.

But to study Chinese

finally means to study a culture, a people.

At the heart of

Chinese civilization

is its rich heritage of novels, short stories

, poetry, drama,

and, more recently, film.

They reflect the values, the struggles,

the sensibility,

the joys and the sorrows of this

great people and often offer insights even into

the most intimate feelings of people.

To be at ease and effective in a Chinese

environment

learning the language is half the battle,

but knowing about the culture

behind the language is the other.

Each year more and more students

around the world whose mother

tongue is not

Mandarin are studying it with enthusiasm

and success.  
The study of Chinese literature (mandarin)

and culture will help you

bridge the cultural gap,

better understand your Chinese counterparts,

and create a platform of

knowledge and understanding with

them that is crucial for effective communication.